Practical-Tactical: Do Weapon Mounted Lights Make You a Target?

Do Weapon Mounted Lights Make You a Target?

 

As the author points out the answer to this question is LIGHT DISCIPLINE.

If you are going to mount a light on your carry firearm, TRAINING  with that Weapon Mounted Light is imperative!

This is why I don’t agree with Massad Ayoob when he says NOT to use a Weapon Mounted Light to search.

It all comes down to training folks.

Prepare Accordingly and Train Often.

 

Gear Locker: Understanding Lumens in a Tactical/Fighting Flashlight

All you ‘gear geeks’ gather around, This is the best article yet in understanding the in’s, out’s and in-between’s of a tactical fighting flashlight. -SF

Glocks12

In a previous post about lights I explained that lumens themselves weren’t the end-all-be-all of a flashlight or weapon-mounted light (WML). Well, they still aren’t, but maybe not for the reasons you’re thinking. I still want bright light; I just don’t want to be lied to or misled.

“More lumens = More Light = More Better”, right? Not quite. How the lumens are measured is important. There are three main ways this is done:

Emitter Lumens: This is the theoretical yield of a given light, using ideal voltage and thermal circumstances, and often tested with a math equation instead of real use. This is why you’ll see a $4 Chinese flashlight on Amazon (a worldwide purveyor of tactical tomfuckery) with a 5,000 lumen rating. The other reason is that they lie about it.

OTF Lumens: Standing for “Out The Front”. That is, the light that a given flashlight actually puts out. Maybe. Because everything in your flashlight is trying to steal the lumens from you. The reflector eats some. The lens eats some. Your batteries won’t always remain at peak voltage. Your flashlight gets hot.

Done properly, OTF lumens are measured with an integration sphere. It’s a device that fully encapsulates a lighting device, diffuses all light emitted, and gives you a reading. An OTF lumen rating is certainly better than inaccurate emitter lumen calculations, but could still be wrong regarding use. How? Let’s say you have a 1,000 lumen light but it only pumps out that intensity for 2 seconds before it drops down to 600. A company could still tell you that it’s a 1,000 lumen light, even though it’s much less regarding actual use.

 

ANSI Lumens: The American National Standards Institute, or ANSI, came up with a testing protocol for measuring lumens. ANSI lumens are also known as FL-1 lumens. It too involves an integration sphere. Testing first involves turning the light on for 30-120 seconds to ensure the LED is warmed up and the battery voltage sags a bit. However, since the testing protocols are known there are ways around it. Many flashlights have voltage regulation built in, and will force a light to step down in intensity if it’s been on for X amount of time. While one could argue this is for thermal regulation (preventing you from starting fires and shit) and to provide a longer and more consistent runtime, there are several companies that have this light step down occur immediately after the 2 minute period required for ANSI regulation testing.

To sum it up: Disregard emitter lumens. While OTF and ANSI/FL-1 lumens can be dubious, you’re best off going with a company that’s worth a shit in the first place. On the same token, just because a light steps down from constant use doesn’t mean it won’t be great for a weapon light. Think intermittent illumination rather than a Coast Guard search and rescue.

Read the Remainder at Breach Bang Clear

Casting Shadows

Rifle Combat Lights – Shadowing Comparison of Mount Locations

by

Mark E.

I recently switched up a weapon light, for an AK-47 of mine. In the process, I observed some issues with shadowing. In particular, I did not like the shadows cast by the barrel/muzzle or the front sight assembly. These observations should apply to any rifle with a large or fixed front sight assembly. Let’s keep it simple by assuming that this would apply to an AR-15 or an AK variant.
I won’t get us bogged down on the pros and cons of whether you should even have a weapon light in the first place, but will state that a weapon light it is certainly worthy of consideration. My position currently is that the civilian operator should have at least one rifle with a decent light, for “social problems.” Many more experienced folks have studied what weapon lights can do in regards to becoming “bullet magnets”, in the course of battle or any related engagement in a dark environment. Note that I said “dark environment”, and not simply “at night.” If you’re in a large urban area where the power is out, or where abandon buildings exist, some buildings can get really dark, even during daylight hours. I’ve seen it first hand while walking in new buildings before they are wired up for power/lighting. Now, back to the shadowing. The shadowing effect is most apparent in the close quarters environment – urban or otherwise – when you are in or near buildings, fences, vehicles, near semi/tractor trailers and the like. Keep in mind, that the lighter colored the surface, the more obvious the shadowing is. My photos were taken up close inside a house with lighter colored paint.  Now on to the BEFORE and AFTER.

BEFORE:   9 o’clock mount

NOTES:

• In the first graphic below, I used a typical 100+ lumen combat light (not the 250- 500 lumen monsters of current tac-light fame).
• My old light was attached to a Ultimak Rail, by way of an offset KZ mount
with a 1” diameter clamp ring.
• I had the mount clamped on the forward-most slot available on the Ultimak rail; And the light itself was pushed as far forward in the 1” ring as possible.

Observations:

• Both the FLASH HIDER and the FRONT SIGHT shapes were cast in the shadowing. I did NOT like this in the least. See bottom, right of photo.

• There was the SIZE of darn shadow. It was ridiculous even at a short distance. It was much worse further away from the wall.

• The glare cast on my front sight was a distraction whether I was looking through the iron sights, or using a red dot sight.

• My son, who snapped the pictures, said “hey, that looks like some sort of the tower on a castle!” If only I HAD a castle…then I would not care what shadows I cast. I would be figuring out what to stock the moat with (insert long “Mwuuuuhaaaaahahahaha” sounds with evil grin here).

AFTER:  6 o’clock mount

NOTES:

• I wanted to use an existing Streamlight TLR-1, which is smaller and lighter.

• Also, not wanting to add a new quad-rail or other rail system, that would look or fit oddly with the Ultimak already over the gas tube, I chose to try a clamp-on mount.

• Yes, I know UTG is not a top-quality choice, but I wanted to test it out before I went with a higher-quality version. It fits perfectly just behind the gas block and the front of the lower hand guard. One thing to watch out for is the UTG single rail version will not allow the cleaning rod to be used at all. The tri-rail version I used, caused some major interference with the cleaning rod. The tri-rail has to be filed down a little otherwise the cleaning rod will fit, but required pliers to remove it.

Observations:

• The shadow was smaller

• It was located at 12 o’clock

• The glare on my front sight was gone

• The shadow looked a bit like a pointer-finger from the heavens.

I kind of like this. If you want NO SHADOW: Mount the light as close to the muzzle as possible. But this may create other issues of rifle balance, or if you use a breaching flash-hider, would expose the light to impact force. Why would you even care about the shadowing size or pattern? If your front sight assembly casts a large shadow at 3 o-clock (or 9’clock shadow, in the case of a 3 o’clock mount), might you be MISSING information about what is on front of you? This could very well be, especially if you are flicking on your light for a short time.

Here’s an interesting possibility…could a 12 o’clock shadow actually help you in targeting, before you get your eyes on the red dot or optic’s reticle? If your subject matter is in front of a fence or wall (i.e. not using cover or is injured or just plain stupid), could you use the 12 o’clock shadow as a pointer? Maybe, but this effect is negated out in the open. Let’s not forget something that may be obvious: your eyes should be on the target or area of importance, NOT on the shadows, whether you are looking through a rifle optic or not. Just be AWARE of the dark spots in your field of view. When you train in the dark, make some mental notes as to whether an adjustment is necessary for your set-up. Go try out different mount locations while in your garage, long hallways, alley ways, and other areas as your home/apartment/neighborhood dictates. Just don’t scare the neighbors and try this on the outside of your garage door, unless you want some red and blue lights showing up casting shadows of a different sort.

My closing thoughts are this:

1. Mounting a light at 6 o’-clock will eliminate the left and right shadows found with offset mount locations (i.e. 3 or 6 o’clock mounts)

2. Getting the light as far forward as possible may help you.

3. If you had an astute adversary, what could they discern from seeing a flash- hider shadow pattern? If the adversary observed the AK front sight, what would that tell them? Would it matter? To me, the operative standard is to not broadcast what force you are bringing to the fight. I.e. “too much information” (or “TMI”) is not helpful to most people. I encourage you to take notice of your weapon light and what shadow is cast.

Light up the Night and Stay Dangerous!