The Shooting People in the Face Drill, Revisited

From the Archives, 2018

While training the other day I put in 20 rounds on the tried and true Mozambique or “Failure to Stop” Drill.

After I ran through the drill once I realized something: I had trained myself to PAUSE between the transition from the two shots to Center of Mass to the shot to the Cranial T (Head) Why?

When this drill first came on the scene back in the day via Jeff Cooper, it was being taught primarily to Federal Law Enforcement who, in turn, after a while, begin to teach it to Armed civilians. The drills’ origins centered around an armed suspect who was HIGH on drugs and not going down immediately after being shot twice in the Center of Mass. Therefore, putting a shot through the brain stem and severing all motor functions was necessary.

The “Pause” between the transition shot from the body to the head was mainly a Force Continuum/Use of Lethal Force aspect Cops were being trained to follow. “Use only the LEAST Amount of Force necessary to subdue the suspect” or, in other words, don’t shoot the son of a bitch in the head if you don’t have to.

Fast forward to the 21st Century and we now have Terrorist and Criminals like the Dallas mass shooter Brian Isaack Clyde and the Ohio Mass Shooter Connor Betts just to name a couple suited up with body armor making the Mozambique/Failure to Stop more of a necessary skill than ever before for BOTH Law Enforcement and the Armed Citizen.

 

Bottom Line: Training to give the shooter ANY advantage in the fight is STUPID, even if that advantage is a one to two second pause in our cadence of fire.

Therefore, eliminating the “Pause” between the transition from the body to the head in this drill is a practical refinement we all need to adopt when running it.

Stay Alert, Armed and Dangerous!

 

Refining the Mozambique for the 21st Century

While training the other day I put in 20 rounds on the tried and true Mozambique or “Failure to Stop” Drill.

After I ran through the drill once I realized something: I had trained myself to PAUSE between the transition from the two shots to Center of Mass to the shot to the Cranial T (Head) Why?

When this drill first came on the scene back in the day via Jeff Cooper, it was being taught primarily to Federal Law Enforcement who, in turn, after a while, begin to teach it to Armed civilians. The drills’ origins centered around an armed suspect who was HIGH on drugs not going down immediately after being shot twice in the Center of Mass. Therefore, putting a shot through the brain stem and severing all motor functions was necessary.

The “Pause” between the transition shot from the body to the head was mainly a Force Continuum/Use of Lethal Force aspect Cops were being trained to follow. “Use only the LEAST Amount of Force necessary to subdue the suspect” or, in other words, don’t shoot the son of a bitch in the head if you don’t have to.

 

Fast forward to the 21st Century and we now have Criminals like the Dallas mass shooter Brian Isaack Clyde and the Ohio Mass Shooter Connor Betts just to name a couple suited up with body armor making the Mozambique/Failure to Stop more of a necessary skill than ever before for BOTH Law Enforcement and the Armed Citizen.

 

Bottom Line: Training to give the shooter ANY advantage in the fight is STUPID, even if that advantage is a one to two second pause in our cadence of fire.

Therefore, eliminating the “Pause” between the transition from the body to the head in this drill is a practical refinement we all need to adopt when running it.

Stay Alert, Armed and Dangerous!

 

Armed Citizen Corner: Start Practicing More Headshots Because Terrorist Love Explosives

TERROR34

If you are reading this, then you are probably the type of person who would be willing to fight back against a terrorist attack using your guns.

The fact is that more and more terrorist attacks are going to be occurring on American soil because the “Global War on Terror” includes the USA now.

That means, if you have a gun and you carry it (as you should), you ought to put some thought into how you would fight back against a possibly suicidal team of terrorists who is intent on racking up the biggest body count possible.

Here’s a fact: terrorists love bombs.

Terrorists Love Explosives Because They’re Very Effective

Explosives can kill a LOT of people all at once. Especially in a crowded area. That’s why terrorists like them.

In Greg Ellifritz’s excellent article “Armed Citizen Response To Terrorist Bomber” he points out how deadly bombs are (emphasis mine):

“Time, distance, and shielding are the only defense. Realize that a 20lb suicide bomb vest loaded with shrapnel is dangerous within 400 meters. That’s a long distance!Recent research has determined that 15 meters (about 50 feet) is the distance that means the difference between life and death in most suicide bombing incidents. If you are within 15 meters of the bomber when he detonates, you will likely die. If you are beyond 15 meters, you will likely live, but may be seriously injured. Ultimately, whether you live or die depends on the terrain, the type of bomb and shrapnel and how far away from the bomb you are. The farther away you can get, the better off you will be. Ideally, distance combined with some type of cover that will stop shrapnel and projectiles is best. “

So terrorists today like to use a combination of guns and explosives.

How can you be more prepared?

If You Are Going To Fight Back, You Need To “Shoot Them In The Face”

ocular-cavity

Watch this (graphic) video below to see a hero cop that responded to one of the terrorists in the recent Istanbul Airport Attack. The cop shoots him, the terrorist drops and his rifle falls away and the it appears the officer then realized the terrorist had a bomb of some sort and the policeman tries to run away. As I understand it the officer was still killed.

Read the Remainder at Prepared Gun Owners

“Shoot em’ to the Ground” Fire Superiority!

FS1

 

One of the most frequent questions I get from students is “How many rounds do I fire in a situation where my life is at risk?” I often answer this with the very simple answer “As many as you need too to put the threat down.” I then refer back to the military term of FIRE SUPERIORITY and  how important it is to have in a firefight. Militarily, there are many tactical reasons for fire superiority. But the most practical reason that translates to a typical civilian situation is to increase the CO’s odds of survival by putting more rounds into the enemy (and the enemy’s direction) than the enemy is putting into yours.

I also often go into a lengthy speech detailing exactly why the CO you should always “Train as they are going to Fight”. The way a CO trains with their firearms for self-defense is a very big deal. A person will always perform to their specific LEVEL of training in a firefight. In the case of the amount of rounds to be fired in a firefight for example, If the CO drills to fire only a set number of rounds at a target in training, 95% of the time, they will do the same in an actual fight. For instance if you train to fire two rounds and then “assess” the damage to the target, that is what you will do on the street. The problem with this is this type of thinking is first UN-REALISTIC and DANGEROUS and second, it creates bad habits that the CO will have trouble un-doing later on. For this reason, I never teach or tell my students to fire a SET number of rounds in ANY drill.

Listen to me when I say this: You must never “pre-condition” yourself to respond only in a SPECIFIC way in a combative situation. If not for the only logical reason that Combat in ANY form is un-predictable and random, whether it be military or civilian. It has been my experience that Mr. Murphy is always “skulking” around, looking for a chance to throw a wrench in the works when you think you have it all figured out. For this reason, we must seek to be, as Bruce Lee said  Like Water.” In other words, be adaptable, be pliable and ready to change your plan in an instant, depending on your enemy.

The phrase I use in training when explaining fire superiority to my students that cuts to the heart of the matter is: “SHOOT THEM TO THE GROUND!” The CO has to understand that in today’s world an attacker is more than likely to be on some type of illegal substance that impairs typical human responses to pain, requiring more than the average number of force and/or rounds to put them down, just ask any cop who has been in a fight or shooting with a meth head or somebody on PCP! There is also the likelihood, though slim in most cases, of the attacker wearing some type of body armor. This of course would require the transition to head shots to the “T” junction of the cranium, focusing on the orbital sockets (eyes) to be able to put a round into the brain to shut the attacker down. This all may sound gruesome and somewhat “pre-meditated” in some respects, but understand, your enemy is doing the same amount of training in planning to steal, kill or rape you and your loved ones right now.

There is one caveat regarding “Shoot Them to the Ground” philosophy: Since all firearms can only hold so much ammunition, it makes logical sense that the CO carry AT LEAST one additional magazine and RELOADS be drilled on regularly in training. The reality of MULTIPLE ATTACKERS dictates this necessity. Let us not forget that predators run and work in packs .

So taking all of this into account, the CO needs to do the following in ALL of their drills:

  1.  Never set up a drill to Fire a set number of rounds.
  2. Force reloads by loading your initial mag with 4 to 5 rounds.
  3. The “Mozambique”or Transition to a Head Shot drill needs to be integrated regularly, work on varying distances from 3 to 15 yds. Remember the “T” junction of the head.
  4. Gunfights are not Static..people tend to move when bullets start flying! For this reason, movement drills need to be integrated into everything we do with a firearm.

In closing, be GENEROUS with your ammo “distribution” when it comes to defending your life, you can always buy more ammo, but not another life.

Stay Armed, Stay Vigilant and Stay Dangerous!

The Real Walking Dead

The following video shows the REALITY of a human being’s ability to function after being fatally shot. The perp, John Van Allen, was shot once in the chest with a .40 Caliber pistol from a distance of no more than 15 feet. He manages to continue fighting after being hit, getting off several shots at Oregon State Trooper, Matt Zistel, wounding the trooper once in the side. The perp then runs to his car, opens the door and drives 1/2 mile, pulls over to the shoulder and dies.

Trooper Zistel was transported to a local hospital for his single gunshot wound, where he made a full recovery.

At the time of the shooting, Allen had his 3 children in the car, none of them were hurt thankfully. Relatives have no ideal what would possess Allen to act this way. Allen worked as a Construction Engineer in the US Army Reserves from 2009 to 2012.

So,  what can the CO learn from this clip?

  1. Study the Human Anatomy and Wound Ballistics. Understand that the human body can function with coordination and skill even after a fatal gunshot wound to the chest. Of course the PLACEMENT of the shot determines the “Timetable of Death”. The fact that the perp acted as he did and lived as long as he did after being shot, suggest a lung shot. If it has been a heart shot, he would have collapsed and died much sooner, most likely before ever getting back to the car. If you are a hunter, you can compare this to how a deer responds when shot. I have seen deer run over 200 yards with a lung shot, but only half that or less with a heart shot. Of course all of it depends on if the perp (or animal) keeps running; if they keep the heart pumping and they continue to lose blood (bleed out) they die faster than if they stay still or lay down, in which they will die slower.
  2. Having understood this fact, the CO needs to realize the importance of the old school “Failure to Stop” or “Mozambique” drill. This drill states that if after placing several shot to center of mass the target keeps advancing, you now have to transition to a head shot (or ocular cavity shot) to drop the target where it stands. Understand that the ONLY shot that can stop ALL Motor and Neuron function is a shot to the brain, period.
  3. Notice the perp did not stand still after being shot for you to continue shooting at him or to MAKE that Head Shot! This is the epitome of REAL WORLD engagements guys…Life is not a Square Range, where targets are static; they move, they are fluid, People naturally want to avoid being shot!
  4. Always watch the Hands. If he is going to hurt you, it is going to come from the hands. Did you see the perps hands as he deployed his weapon? This guy had practiced that presentation before, it was too smooth.
  5. Note how after the first shots were fired, the perp instinctively moved to the only cover available, the front of the police cruiser. Of course we cannot see the Trooper’s actions, but I will bet he was moving too.

Some good reference material for studying the human anatomy and “Wound Ballistics” is Bullet Penetration by Duncan Macpherson. For Timetables of Death, check out Contemporary Knife Targeting by Mike Janich and Chris Grosz, although it is a book about knife wounds, Fairbairns’ Timetables (though dated) apply across the board to combat wounds.

Stay Alert, Stay Armed and Stay Dangerous! The Adventure Continues…………………..