Non-Kinetic Warfare Skills for the Civilian

cyberwarfare_3

The Kinetic Threats faced by the 21st Century Civilian Operator are getting more and more violent and random. Every day it seems we hear on the news about another  Active Shooter, Carjacking, Kidnapping or Home Invasion.  For most CO’s, this ignites a burning desire to train harder, more realistic and more enthusiastic than ever before. Our lives and the lives of our loved ones could very well depend on the quality of our training.  But what about the Non-Kinetic threats that we hear about? The varied Computer “hacking” jobs where sensitive networks and data is exploited and stolen from agencies like the OPM, the Pentagon and now, most recently, the Joint Chiefs of Staff. And what about the ones we DON’T hear about regularly on the lame-stream news? The type of Electronic Warfare that can harass, jam and even intercept our cell phones, radio’s and GPS devices? Have we even considered preparing for these types of threats? If so, How do we prepare practically and realistically?

These are very important questions to consider, since in all likelihood, Communications (in varied forms) are going to be the first thing that are attacked by our enemies, whether they be foreign or domestic.To stay combat effective, the CO will need to know how to Deploy effective EW Counter-Measures to Prevent Jamming, Deploy Effective EW Attack measures to Harass, Jam and/or intercept enemy comms and most of all, Learn to Operate in an Environment where Comms may be “degraded” or even non-existent.

To make this short study of EW as practical as possible for the civilian, I thought I might focus on three basic skills that will most likely come into play:

  • Radio RF Jamming and Counter-Measures

  • Cell Phone Jamming and Counter-Measures

  • GPS and Drone Jamming

To understand RF Radio Jamming, here is a short slide show:

To be realistic, the CO should also learn how to build a basic RF jammer  in the field from materials that should not be that hard to find. This particular model works up to 128 Mhz.

RF Jamming Countermeasures

Although there is no easy single answer on the best way to Counter radio jamming, the best defense is usually a combination of the following:

  • Power: speak louder! Increase the power of your radio-emitting apparatus, so that it will take more noise to drown it. Of course, this increases energy consumption and heat dissipation, and it is not necessarily workable with your devices at hand.

  • Tightening: Try to use directional radio beams. The sender will send a non-isotropic signal, much stronger in one direction than in any other; the receiver will also concentrate its reception ability on this specific direction. This has been used in aircraft navigation systems. This kind of solution requires directional antennas, and, more importantly, proper orientation: the sending device must know the approximate direction of the receiving station, and vice versa.

  • Frequency hopping: Switch frequencies over a large range of possible frequencies. Sender and receiver agree upon the sequence of frequencies that they will use. This relies on the idea that it is much harder to jam a large spectrum than a single well-defined frequency. GSM/3G signals already includes frequency hopping, and the sequence is nominally unpredictable by outsiders because it is agreed upon under the cover of the cryptographic layer (subject to possible weaknesses of the cryptography as used in GSM, of course). Note, though, that in normal marketable equipment, frequency ranges are legally constrained, and it is still relatively easy to jam all frequencies which have been allocated to GSM and 3G.

  • Retaliation: a jammer is an active attacker; it emits a strong signal. This allows for tracking the jammer, with a jammer detector and send armed goons to shut it down and appropriately reward the jammer operators, e.g. with some free dentistry.

Before we get into Cell Phone Jamming and Countermeasures, I want to talk briefly about the danger of being OVER-DEPENDENT on your cell phone for communication during an emergency, and some practical contingency technology that you may have not heard about.

Having been through several major disasters, including Hurricane Katrina and Ike, I know first hand the short comings of cellular comms. Heavy winds, flooding and downed trees can disrupt the cables between cell phone towers. Most all cell towers require AC Power to operate, so if they don’t have a back-up power supply, they go down when the power does. In the event the tower does have a back-up system in the form of a gas generator, it has been my experience, depending on the location of the tower and the quality and number of personnel in charge of it, you cannot depend on people keeping the generator running 24/7; after all, those folks have families too and keeping gas in a generator is most likely low on their list of priorities during this time.

OK, so what is a viable and practical contingency plan for comm’s in an emergency situation when the cell phones go down? Well, besides looking into HAM Radio’s which I highly suggest, there is the GoTenna. The only drawback to these is the recipient has to have a GoTenna also to receive, but for a community cell that wants to stay in touch during Emergencies, this is an extremely practical and SECURE way to communicate.

Cell Phone Jamming

The Jamming of cell phone frequencies is a common tactic by police and military forces in areas of insurgent or criminal activity. In Iraq and Afghanistan, jamming served both to sever the insurgencies ability to communicate and also the ability to detonate IED’s remotely. The technology behind it is fairly simple. Most cell phones operate on a specific frequency range; in CONUS that is 1.9 Ghz, while in Europe and Asia it is 900 Mhz and 1.8 Ghz bands. By simply transmitting radio waves on the same frequency as your digital cell phone, the signal becomes jammed.

Be duly warned, that due to the Communications Act of 1934, cell phone jamming is considered a serious crime by the FCC and according to some people I know that dealt with them, they don’t play around with this, so approach with caution. I should add however that it is not illegal to own a cell phone jammer, only to use one. So, for “educational purposes”, the civilian prepper should look into making one of these devices themselves purely for the experience. Schematics for a small unit can be found HERE. Be advised however that these small units only have a range of around 20 feet, so if you want a wider jamming range, you will have to think bigger!

As far as Counter-Measures with cell-phone jamming, the only reliable one is Detection of the jamming device and subsequent destruction of the equipment.

GPS and Drone Jamming

There are a few civilian uses for jamming GPS signals, the majority of them privacy related, including the ability to conceal oneself or one’s vehicle in case it is being tracked by a GPS receiver.  A practical application would be a salesperson or delivery driver, that may wish to lunch outside their territory, or return home for a forgotten item, without having to do a lot of explaining due to GPS tracking on their vehicle. The range of most civilian GPS jammers is sufficient to cover even the largest of vehicles, giving the user a cloak of privacy. Another practical concern for civilians would be the placement of unknown GPS tracking devices on your person or vehicle. This GPS Tracking Detector solves that problem.

As far as Drones go with civilians, Privacy is again the initial concern. Anti-Drone tech, including  jamming software, is expected to be an extremely lucrative market in the next few years. Domestic Drone Counter-Measures, an Oregon based company will offer Commercial UAV Detection Systems, which will consist of three control module boxes which will create a “mesh” network that can triangulate moving transmitters. The Command and Control module will offer simplified user interface via WiFi, such as through a tablet, smartphone or PC.

Stay Alert, Armed and Dangerous!

Pineland Coming Soon?

Pineland: Coming Soon?

 

Make no mistake the above statement is NOT a question anymore.

IT IS Coming Soon.

Train Up and Prepare Accordingly.

 

Welcome to Appalachistan

Welcome to Appalachistan

 

If the American military couldn’t defeat Afghanistan, then it’s pure delusion to think it can defeat Appalachistan.

The Taliban won, and we will too when pushed. We have a culture to be preserved, yours is failing. Don’t threaten us.

The people of a place, and thus the culture therein, creates the ecology of the Guerrilla.

Comfort is the absence of struggle.

When authority fails, that authority resorts to force.

A Guerrilla Movement must be reflective of the underlying culture which it seeks to preserve.

 

Pearls of Pure Wisdom from my Friend NC Scout.

Read, Heed and Prepare Accordingly.

 

 

 

How Realistic are Your Rifle Drills?

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“The rifle is a weapon. Let there be no mistake about that. It is a tool of power, and thus dependent completely upon the moral stature of its user. It is equally useful in securing meat for the table, destroying group enemies on the battlefield, and resisting tyranny. In fact, it is the only means of resisting tyranny, since a citizenry armed with rifles simply cannot be tyrannized.”

Colonel Jeff Cooper, USMC Ret.

 

Taking this thought into consideration, the CO needs to be constantly evaluating his rifle drills to ensure they are Real-World Applicable and not “Gun Range Fantasy”.

The over-emphasization of accuracy and non-integration of movement and cover are the primary culprits in “Fantasy Gunfighting.”

I have put together a short list of drills that I use regularly. Take into account all of these drills can be “tweaked” to emphasize any number of challenges, such as reloads, malfunctions, multiple targets, etc.

As a sidenote, always take time to emphasize marksmanship fundamentals (sights, breathing, trigger, trigger, trigger!!) before moving into real world drills.

AK sight1

1. Snap Shots

Quite possibly one of the most neglected skills with a rifle but one of the most needed in the field.

A Rifle Snap Shot can be likened to that quick camera shot you have had to make sometimes on a vacation. You did not plan on taking it, but there it is in front of you, either make it or miss the opportunity for a great picture, the difference being of course with a rifle, either kill the enemy or he kills you!

COVER and MOVEMENT IS LIFE.

Cover stops bullets from perforating your body and killing you.

A Moving Target is always harder to hit than a stationary one.

So to tie Snap Shots and Cover together, snap shots CAN BE as much about “COVER FIRE” as anything else, even if you do not have a high percentage shot, I can promise you, if you shoot at somebody it will buy you time to get to cover (if cover is available to move too of course).

Setting up staggered targets at 25, 50 and 75 yards, move to each yardage marker (I use 50 gallon drums for markers and cover) and work on snap shots; emphasizing speed and movement, fire between 1-3 shots at each target while getting to cover.

What should I see?

At these distances, for open sights with an AK or AR, simply super-imposing your front aperture on the mass of the target is sufficient, DO NOT take time to line up the shot with rear and front apertures!

If using a red dot or similar it is often sufficient that the target is framed in the “window” of the sight. This is also a good thing to practice in the event of battery failure, ie framing the target.

 

prone

2. Positional Shooting

 

  • Standing

  • Sitting

  • Kneeling

 

3. Shooting from Prone

The ground offers the shooter two BIG advantages that are often overlooked:

  • Makes you a SMALLER target and able to take advantage of cover quickly

  • Gives you STABILITY for more accurate shots

 

peace

4. Cognitive Stress Drills

A skill rarely emphasized much less taught in today’s rifle schools is DISCRETIONARY SHOOTING.

Now I know it is of some debate whether “No Shoots” have any place in CIVILIAN Self-Defense shooting as they do in Law Enforcement Training. The argument being; Why teach a civilian to hesitate at all with their weapon when their life is in danger? Isn’t that eventually just creating more risk for the student? After all, a civilian is not under the same scrutiny as a LEO, right? My answer to this is unequivocally NO!!

If anything, CS Drills offer more protection for the civilian student. I mean look at the George Zimmerman trial as an example..look at the spotlight put on that man and his actions (granted there were a lot of factors other than self-defense in play there) but still, when you go into a self-defense trial, you want the entirety of your actions to be UNDENIABLY, BEYOND A REASONABLE DOUBT, JUSTIFIED! 

Imagine if Zimmerman had “accidentally” wounded or killed somebody during the shooting? His actions then would have been seen as reckless and indifferent..even though he had still acted out of pure self-defense. Teaching a student to ensure that his background is clear and that they have clearly ID’d their target ensures this; and the only way to TRAIN that into somebody is COGNITIVE STRESS. Now, Cognitive Stress is more than just “CHECKING YOUR BACKGROUND” and “NO SHOOTS” during a course, it is also engaging the “rational” side of the brain during the very exacting mechanical process of shooting a gun. Remember: You can NEVER “Take Back” a bullet…there are no “resets” in real life.

One of the ways to integrate CS Drills is the use of LE Targets  DT-4C “Command Training, Shape and Color” paper targets. These targets have a variety of shapes, colors and numbers, which allow the instructor to  call out a variety of commands to make the shooter “Think” before pulling the trigger. Commands such as “Squares” or “Number 5”, “All Red” or “Odds” can be called out…this gives the drill variety and makes it engaging to the student also.

The Instructor is also doing his or her students a giant favor in adding this degree of SAFETY (and TACTICAL PRECISION) to the course. If in the event a student is involved in a self-defense shooting, when their personal training records are inevitably pulled by the DA, it will show that they went that extra step to ensure that they trained only to kill the bad guy efficiently and not wound or kill innocent by-standers. In this uber-litigious society that we live in, think of it as extra insurance!

in Closing, when you go out to drill guys, don’t use it as an “Ego Petting” session!! Drill on the stuff you SUCK AT, not just the things you can rock thru and ace!

Staying REAL is the mark of a Professional.

Ego Petting is the for weak amateur’s.

Train Hard and Stay Armed!

 

Every Man a Rifleman: Positional Drills

 

Most folks just practice with their firearm from the STANDING position because of the limitations of the FLAT RANGE but in reality we need to be shooting from all FOUR positions every time we train with a firearm (handgun or long gun).

  1. Standing

  2. Kneeling

  3. Sitting

  4. Prone

  5. Back

 

Taking a Knee

This is one of the first things I learned in becoming a rifleman and hunter from my father. Taking a knee before you make a shot does a few things: One, it lowers your center of gravity and makes accuracy easier. 2. It lowers your profile (from 4 or 2 legged creatures) 3. It enables you to go prone much quicker. You will find as a Rifleman there is no better friend than Terra Firma!

Take a Seat

Although not used as much in a tactical sense, unless from behind cover, the Sitting position is a great drill for hunting. I recommend shooting this drill frequently with your DM/Scoped rifle out to 300-400 yards.

Prone is LIFE

There is no other position to a rifleman better than Prone and if you are not shooting EVERY rifle drill you have from this position you are cutting yourself short.

Knocked on your Ass

Shooting from your back is something a lot of people don’t consider but take a look at REAL WORLD CCTV/Dashcam footage and you will see it is a position that a lot of armed civilians find themselves in regularly!

The simplest way to blend these drills together is the Two Drill: two rounds from each position at 15 yards for handgun and 75 yards for rifle. Integrate reloads and malfunction clearances as well as shooting from behind cover and adding some cardio/stress like this DRILL.

Train Hard and Realistically.