Know Your White History: Wergeld

Wergeld

This thread is all about your legal options if you were to travel back in time to medieval Europe and murder someone. It’s also about measuring the decline of the extended family and the origins of English individualism. On Bertha Phillpotts’ “Kindred and Clan in Past Time”.

Say as an example you traveled back in time to 14th century Sweden and murdered somebody. This is who and what you would have to pay: plaintiff 7 marks, King 4 marks, parents 2 marks, brothers 1 mark, 1st cousin 1/2 mark, 2nd cousin 1/4th, 3rd cousin 1/8th.

The old Germanic name for this custom is wergeld. The wergeld gets mocked as barbaric, but understand that the fine to be paid was huge. In early laws it was often set at 200 gold solidi, which Seebohm thought was the equivalent value of 100 cattle, the original Germanic fee.

 

 

 

 

A Thousand Year Old Viking Hall in Denmark Unearthed By Archaeologists

THE CHRONICLES OF HISTORY

Archaeologists located in Denmark recently discovered to their amazement the remains of a Vikings hall that would have been used at the height of the late Viking age between the ninth and eleventh centuries. The structure measures hundred-thirty feet long and twenty-six to thirty-two feet wide.

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Know Your History: The Anglo-Saxon Calendar

The Anglo-Saxon Calendar

 

I think it’s safe to say that everybody reading this will agree that the world is becoming worse off for increased homogenisation and the differences between peoples gradually being ironed out.

In an era of aeroplanes and instant telecommunications it’s perhaps not realistic to go back to a world where each people had a completely different concept of time unique to their situation, but seeming as it’s New Year it’s worth having a look at how things could be done differently.

In the early Anglo-Saxon period before the Christianisation of England began in around 600, the year was split into 12 months of roughly 29 days based on the cycles of the moon. The Old English word for month ‘monath’ comes from the word for moon, ‘mona’.

 

 

The White Slave Trade

VikingLifeBlog

The Barbary pirates of North Africa attacked the coastal northern Mediterranean launching attacks against France, Italy and Sicily, kidnapping women as white slaves primarily and whenever possible notable wealthy persons and ships for ransom. In their feverish search for white women slaves a few pirates even went as far as the coast of Iceland, raiding inland to kidnap women and bring them back to North Africa.

From the 1500s to the 1800s it is estimated that one million white Europeans, to include those captured at sea as well as through land raids abroad were enslaved. Many of these were Americans captured at sea.

Forgotten History

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Know Your White History: The Collapse of the Scottish Clan System

THE COLLAPSE OF THE SCOTTISH CLAN SYSTEM

 

The term “clan” is derived from the Gaelic word “clann”, meaning family or children, however, it is a misconception that persons who bear a clan’s name is a lineal descendant of the clan chief (ceannard cinnidh) or hereditary family.

Many clansmen took their Chief’s surname to show solidarity, through marriage, to settle in clan territory, or to obtain the protection of the ruling family in a system known as the ‘Duthcas’.

The clan centered on the chief, who’s succession was governed by a system known as ‘Tanistry’, an ancient law of succession where an heir was chosen from individuals within the hereditary line, often descendants of former Chiefs.

Beneath the Chief is the Chieftains, heads of individual houses from which the clan formed, the eldest of which was called the ‘Toiseach’, and then there are the ‘Daoin-Uaisle’, the aristocracy or clan elite.

At the bottom of the tier system are the main clan members. Most of a clan’s followers were tenants, supplying labour to work the lands, and sometimes to fight in clan feuds and times of greater turmoil against the armies of England.

The origins of the clans vary, often claiming mythological founders that reinforced their status and glorified notions of their origins, such as Clan Campbell, that claimed they had descended from Diarmid O’Dyna, a demigod, son of Donn, and one of the Fianna in the Fenian Cycle of Irish mythology.